Estudios del coste económico de los Servicios Profesionales de Naturopatía

Describen los costos asociados con los Servicios Profesionales de Naturopatía  y  evalúan la eficacia económica de la práctica profesional Naturopática. Todavía hay pocos estudios publicados sobre costos de la  práctica profesional Naturopática. Algunos estudios más se han realizado sobre la atención complementaria y alternativa en general; las publicaciones enumeradas aquí contienen al menos una parte de los datos notificados específicamente sobre la atención Naturopática.

Esta lista de estudios sobre los costes de los Servicios Profesionales de Naturopatía  es todavía incompleta. Por favor, informenos de estudios publicados que cumplan los criterios anteriores y que no estén aquí incluidos, mediante una cita o un abstract a

  1. Deborah A. Kennedy, Jason Hart, and Dugald Seely. Cost Effectiveness of Natural Health Products: A Systematic Review of Randomized Clinical Trials. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 6 (2009), Issue 3, Pages 297-304.
  2. Herman PM, Szczurko O, Cooley K, Mills EJ.. Cost-effectiveness of naturopathic care for chronic low back pain. Altern Ther Health Med. 2008 Mar-Apr;14(2):32-9.
  3. Herman PM, Szczurko O, Cooley K, Seely D.. A naturopathic approach to the prevention of cardiovascular disease: cost-effectiveness analysis of a pragmatic multi-worksite randomized clinical trial. J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Feb;56(2):171-6.
  4. Kennedy DA, Hart J, Seely D. Cost effectiveness of natural health products: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2009 Sep;6(3):297-304
  5. Lafferty WE, Bellas A, Corage Baden A, Tyree PT, Standish LJ, Patterson R. The use of complementary and alternative medical providers by insured cancer patients in Washington State. Cancer. 2004 Apr 1;100(7):1522-30.
  6. Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Bellas AS, Watts CA, Lind BK, Sherman KJ, Cherkin DC, Grembowski DE. Insurance coverage and subsequent utilization of complementary and alternative medicine providers. Am J Manag Care. 2006 Jul;12(7):397-404.
  7. Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Diehr PK, Grembowski DE. Use of complementary and alternative medicine providers by fibromyalgia patients under insurance coverage. Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Feb 15;57(1):71-6.
  8. Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Diehr PK. Comparison of health care expenditures among insured users and nonusers of complementary and alternative medicine in WashingtonState: a cost minimization analysis. J Altern Complement Med. 2010 Apr;16(4):411-7
  9. Nn, P. M. H., Orest Szczurko, N. D., & Kieran Cooley, N. D. (2008). Cost-effectiveness of naturopathic care for chronic low back pain. Alternative therapies in health and medicine.  march 2008
  10. Tripathy JP. Can naturopathy provide answers to the escalating health care costs in India?. J Tradit Complement Med. 2015 Jan 16;5(2):63-5.
  11. Wiebelitz KR, Teske W, Henke T, Knobloch R, Winnemöller C, Beer AM. [Comparison of treatment expenses of naturopathic and orthopedic in-patient treatment].. MMW Fortschr Med [2010, 151 Suppl 4:159-168]
  12. Wiesenauer M, Groh P, Häussler S. Naturopathy as a contribution to cost control. Attempt at a cost analysis. Fortschritte der Medizin [1992, 110(17):311-314].

Allium sativum


1. Cavallito, C. J., & Bailey, J. H. (1944). Allicin, the antibacterial principle of Allium sativum. I. Isolation, physical properties and antibacterial action.Journal of the American Chemical Society,  66(11), 1950-1951.

2. Cavallito, C. J., Buck, J. S., & Suter, C. M. (1944). Allicin, the antibacterial principle of Allium sativum. II. Determination of the chemical structureJournal of the American Chemical Society,66(11), 1952-1954.

Citrus aurantium


1. Ahmadi, A., & Shadboorestan, A. (2015). Oxidative Stress and Cancer; The Role of   Hesperidin, a Citrus Natural Bioflavonoid, as a Cancer Chemoprotective Agent. Nutrition and   cancer, 1-12.

2. Alam, M. A., Subhan, N., Rahman, M. M., Uddin, S. J., Reza, H. M., & Sarker, S. D. (2014). Effect of citrus flavonoids, naringin and naringenin, on metabolic syndrome and their mechanisms of action. Advances in Nutrition: An International Review Journal, 5(4), 404-417.

3. Ameer, B., Weintraub, R. A., Johnson, J. V., Yost, R. A., & Rouseff, R. L. (1996). Flavanone absorption after naringin, hesperidin, and citrus administration. Clinical Pharmacology &Therapeutics, 60(1), 34-40.

4. Aptekmann, N. P., & Cesar, T. B. (2010). Orange juice improved lipid profile and blood lactateof overweight middle-aged women subjected to aerobic training. Maturitas, 67(4), 343-347.

5. Arbo, M. D., Larentis, E. R., Linck, V. M., Aboy, A. L., Pimentel, A. L., Henriques, A. T., … &Limberger, R. P. (2008). Concentrations of p-synephrine in fruits and leaves of Citrus species

(Rutaceae) and the acute toxicity testing of Citrus aurantium extract and p-synephrine. Foodand chemical toxicology, 46(8), 2770-2775.

6. Arbo, M. D., Schmitt, G. C., Limberger, M. F., Charão, M. F., Moro, Â. M., Ribeiro, G. L., …& Limberger, R. P. (2009). Subchronic toxicity of Citrus aurantium L.(Rutaceae) extract and psynephrine in mice. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology,54(2), 114-117.

7. Arias, B. A., & Ramón-Laca, L. (2005). Pharmacological properties of citrus and their ancient and medieval uses in the Mediterranean region. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 97(1), 89-95.

8. Asgary, S., & Keshvari, M. (2013). Effects of citrus sinensis juice on blood pressure. ARYAatherosclerosis, 9(1), 98.

9. Avula, B., Upparapalli, S. K., Navarrete, A., & Khan, I. A. (2005). Simultaneous quantificationof adrenergic amines and flavonoids in C. aurantium, various Citrus species, and dietarysupplements by liquid chromatography. Journal of AOAC International,88(6), 1593-1606.

10. Bae, J. M., Lee, E. J., & Guyatt, G. (2008). Citrus fruit intake and stomach cancer risk: aquantitative systematic review. Gastric Cancer, 11(1), 23-32.

11. Bae, J. M., Lee, E. J., & Guyatt, G. (2008). Citrus fruits intake and prostate cancer risk: aquantitative systematic review. J Prev Med Public Health, 41(3), 159-164.

12. Bailey, D. G., Spence, J. D., Munoz, C., & Arnold, J. M. O. (1991). Interaction of citrus juiceswith felodipine and nifedipine. The Lancet, 337(8736), 268-269.

13. Baldwin, E. A., Nisperos-Carriedo, M., Shaw, P. E., & Burns, J. K. (1995). Effect of coatingand prolonged storage conditions on fresh orange flavor volatiles, degrees Brix, and ascorbicacid levels. Journal of Agricultural and food chemistry, 43(5), 1321-1331.

14. Barreca, D., Bellocco, E., Caristi, C., Leuzzi, U., & Gattuso, G. (2011). Distribution of C-andO-glycosyl flavonoids,(3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl) glycosyl flavanones and furocoumarins inCitrus aurantium L. juice. Food Chemistry,124(2), 576-582.

15. Barreca, D., Gattuso, G., Laganà, G., Leuzzi, U., & Bellocco, E. (2016). C-and O-glycosylflavonoids in Sanguinello and Tarocco blood orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) juice:Identification and influence on antioxidant properties and acetylcholinesterase activity. Foodchemistry, 196, 619-627.

16. BasiLe, L. G., Lima, C. G., & Cesar, T. B. (2010). Daily intake of pasteurized orange juicedecreases serum cholesterol, fasting glucose and diastolic blood pressure in adults. In Proc.Florida State Hortic. Soc (Vol. 123, pp. 228-233).

17. Benavente-Garcia, O., & Castillo, J. (2008). Update on uses and properties of citrus flavonoids:new findings in anticancer, cardiovascular, and anti-inflammatory activity. Journal ofagricultural and food chemistry, 56(15), 6185-6205.

18. Benavente-García, O., Castillo, J., Marin, F. R., Ortuño, A., & Del Río, J. A. (1997). Uses andproperties of citrus flavonoids. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 45(12), 4505-4515.

19. Bent, S., Padula, A., & Neuhaus, J. (2004). Safety and efficacy of citrus aurantium for weightloss. The American journal of cardiology, 94(10), 1359-1361.

20. Betoret, E., Betoret, N., Carbonell, J. V., & Fito, P. (2009). Effects of pressure homogenizationon particle size and the functional properties of citrus juices. Journal of foodengineering, 92(1), 18-23.

21. Bodet, C., La, V. D., Epifano, F., & Grenier, D. (2008). Naringenin has anti ‐inflammatoryproperties in macrophage and ex vivo human whole ‐blood models. Journal of periodontalresearch, 43(4), 400-407.

22. Bok, S. H., Lee, S. H., Park, Y. B., Bae, K. H., Son, K. H., Jeong, T. S., & Choi, M. S. (1999).Plasma and hepatic cholesterol and hepatic activities of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-CoAreductase and acyl CoA: cholesterol transferase are lower in rats fed citrus peel extract or amixture of citrus bioflavonoids.The Journal of nutrition, 129(6), 1182-1185.

23. Bonamin, F., Moraes, T. M., dos Santos, R. C., Kushima, H., Faria, F. M., Silva, M. A., … & daRocha, L. R. (2014). The effect of a minor constituent of essential oil from Citrus aurantium:The role of β-myrcene in preventing peptic ulcer disease. Chemico-biological interactions, 212,11-19.

24. Bonifacio, N. P., & César, T. B. (2007). Influência da ingestão regular do suco de laranja naredução da pressão arterial. Nutr Pauta, 83, 37-40.

25. Borradaile, N. M., Carroll, K. K., & Kurowska, E. M. (1999). Regulation of HepG2 cellapolipoprotein B metabolism by the citrus flavanones hesperetin and naringenin. Lipids, 34(6),591-598.

26. Bredsdorff, L., Nielsen, I. L. F., Rasmussen, S. E., Cornett, C., Barron, D., Bouisset, F., … &Williamson, G. (2010)Absorption, conjugation and excretion of the flavanones, naringeninand hesperetin from α-rhamnosidase-treated orange juice in human subjects. British journal ofnutrition, 103(11), 1602-1609.

27. Brett, G. M., Hollands, W., Needs, P. W., Teucher, B., R Dainty, J., Davis, B. D., … & Kroon, P.A. (2009). Absorptionmetabolism and excretion of flavanones from single portions of orangefruit and juice and effects oanthropometric variables and contraceptive pill use on flavanoneexcretion. British journal of nutrition, 101(05), 664-675.

28. Bronner, W. E., & Beecher, G. R. (1995). Extraction and measurement of prominent flavonoidsin orange and grapefruit juice concentrates. Journal of Chromatography A, 705(2), 247-256.

29. Bruemmer, J. H., Roe, B., & Bowen R. (1976). Peroxidase reactions and orange juice quality.Journal of Food Science, 41(1), 186-189.

30. Bub, A., Watzl, B., Blockhaus, M., Briviba, K., Liegibel, U., Müller, H., … & Rechkemmer, G.(2003). Fruit juice consumption modulates antioxidative status, immune status and DNAdamage. The Journal of nutritional biochemistry, 14(2), 90-98.

31. Burgess, J. R., & Andrade, J. E. (2006). Antioxidant effects of citrus flavonoid consumption.Potential Health Benefits of Citrus, 936, 161-174.

32. Buscemi, S., Rosafio, G., Arcoleo, G., Mattina, A., Canino, B., Montana, M., … & Rini, G.(2012). Effects of red orange juice intake on endothelial function and inflammatory markers in

adult subjects with increased cardiovascular risk. The American journal of clinicalnutrition, 95(5), 1089-1095.

33. Calapai, G., Firenzuoli, F., Saitta, A., Squadrito, F., Arlotta, M. R., Costantino, G., & Inferrera,G. (1999). Antiobesity and cardiovascular toxic effects of Citrus aurantium extracts in the rat: apreliminary report. Fitoterapia, 70(6), 586-592.

34. Cao, S., Liu, L., Lu, Q., Xu, Y., Pan, S., & Wang, K. (2009). Integrated effects of ascorbic acid,flavonoids and sugars on thermal degradation of anthocyanins in blood orange juice. EuropeanFood Research and Technology, 228(6), 975-983.

35. Carvalho-Freitas, M. I. R., & Costa, M. (2002). Anxiolytic and sedative effects of extracts andessential oil from Citrus aurantium L. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 25(12), 1629-1633.

36. Castillo, J., Benavente, O., & del Rio, J. A. (1993). Hesperetin 7-O-glucoside and prunin inCitrus species (Caurantium and C. paradisi). A study of their quantitative distribution inimmature fruits and as immediate precursors of neohesperidin and naringin in Citrusaurantium. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 41(11), 1920-1924.

37. Celano, M., Maggisano, V., De Rose, R. F., Bulotta, S., Maiuolo, J., Navarra, M., & Russo, D.(2015). Flavonoid Fractioof Citrus Reticulata Juice Reduces Proliferation and Migration ofAnaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma Cells. Nutritionand Cancer, 67(7), 1183-1190.

38. Cerletti, C., Gianfagna, F., Tamburrelli, C., De Curtis, A., D’Imperio, M., Coletta, W., … &Rotilio, D. (2015). Orange juice intake during a fatty meal consumption reduces thepostprandial low-grade inflammatory response in healthy subjects.Thrombosis research,135(2), 255-259.

39. Cesar, T. B., Aptekmann, N. P., Araujo, M. P., Vinagre, C. C., & Maranhão, R. C. (2010).Orange juice decreases lodensity lipoprotein cholesterol in hypercholesterolemic subjectsand improves lipid transfer to high-density lipoprotein in normal and hypercholesterolemicsubjects. Nutrition Research,30(10), 689-694.

40. César, T. B., Rodrigues, L. U., Araújo, M. S. P. D., & Aptekmann, N. P. (2010). Suco de laranjareduz o colesterol eindivíduos normolipidêmicos. Revista de Nutrição, 779-789.

41. Chau, C. F., & Huang, Y. L. (2003). Comparison of the chemical composition andphysicochemical properties of different fibers prepared from the peel of Citrus sinensis L. Cv.Liucheng. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 51(9), 2615-2618.

42. Chiba, H., Uehara, M., Wu, J., Wang, X., Masuyama, R., Suzuki, K., … & Ishimi, Y. (2003).Hesperidin, a citrus flavonoidinhibits bone loss and decreases serum and hepatic lipids inovariectomized mice. The Journal of nutrition, 133(6), 1892-1897.

43. Cho, H. W., Jung, S. Y., Lee, G. H., Cho, J. H., & Choi, I. Y. (2015). Neuroprotective effect ofCitrus unshiu immaturpeel and nobiletin inhibiting hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidativestress in HT22 murine hippocampal neuronal cells. Pharmacognosy magazine, 11(Suppl 2),S284.

44. Choudhury, R., Chowrimootoo, G., Srai, K., Debnam, E., & Rice-Evans, C. A. (1999).Interactions of the flavonoinaringenin in the gastrointestinal tract and the influence ofglycosylation. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 265(2), 410-415.

45. Coelho, R. C. L. A., Hermsdorff, H. H. M., & Bressan, J. (2013). Anti-inflammatory propertiesof orange juice: possible favorable molecular and metabolic effects. Plant foods for humannutrition, 68(1), 1-10.

46. Coleman, R. L., Lund, E. D., & Moshonas, M. G. (1969). Composition of orange essenceoil. Journal of Food Science, 34(6), 610-611.

47. Colker, C. M., Kaiman, D. S., Torina, G. C., Perlis, T., & Street, C. (1999). Effects of Citrusaurantium extract, caffeine, and St. John’s wort on body fat loss, lipid levels, and mood states inoverweight healthy adults. Current Therapeutic Research, 60(3), 145-153.

48. Da Silva, J. (2005). Influence of orange juice over the genotoxicity induced by alkylatingagents: an in vivo analysisMutagenesis, 20(4), 279-283.

49. Dallas, C., Gerbi, A., Tenca, G., Juchaux, F., & Bernard, F. X. (2008). Lipolytic effect of apolyphenolic citrus dry extracof red orange, grapefruit, orange (SINETROL) in human bodyfat adipocytes. Mechanism of action by inhibition of cAMP-phosphodiesterase (PDE).Phytomedicine,15(10), 783-792.

50. De Moraes Pultrini, A., Galindo, L. A., & Costa, M. (2006). Effects of the essential oil fromCitrus aurantium L. in experimental anxiety models in mice. Life Sciences, 78(15), 1720-1725.

51. Demonty, I., Lin, Y., Zebregs, Y. E., Vermeer, M. A., van der Knaap, H. C., Jäkel, M., &Trautwein, E. A. (2010). The citrus flavonoids hesperidin and naringin do not affect serumcholesterol in moderately hypercholesterolemic men and  women. The Journal ofnutrition, 140(9), 1615-1620.

52. Deopurkar, R., Ghanim, H., Friedman, J., Abuaysheh, S., Sia, C. L., Mohanty, P., … &Dandona, P. (2010). Differentia effects of cream, glucose, and orange juice on inflammation,  endotoxin, and the expression of Toll-like receptor-4 an suppressor of cytokine signaling-3.Diabetes care, 33(5), 991-997.

53. Devaraj, S., Jialal, I., & Vega-López, S. (2004). Plant sterol-fortified orange juice effectivelylowers cholesterol levels in mildly hypercholesterolemic healthy individuals. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 24(3), e25-e28.

54. Devaraj, S., Jialal, I., Rockwood, J., & Zak, D. (2011). Effect of orange juice and beverage withphytosterols on cytokines and PAI-1 activity. Clinical Nutrition,30(5), 668-671.

55. Deyhim, F., Garica, K., Lopez, E., Gonzalez, J., Ino, S., Garcia, M., & Patil, B. S. (2006).Citrus juice modulates bone strength in male senescent rat model of osteoporosis.Nutrition, 22(5), 559-563.

56. Dhuique-Mayer, C., Caris-Veyrat, C., Ollitrault, P., Curk, F., & Amiot, M. J. (2005). Varietaland interspecific influence on micronutrient contents in citrus from the Mediterranean area.Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 53(6), 2140-2145.

57. Di Donna, L., De Luca, G., Mazzotti, F., Napoli, A., Salerno, R., Taverna, D., & Sindona, G.(2009). Statin-like principles of bergamot fruit (Citrus bergamia): isolation of 3-hydroxymethylglutaryl flavonoid glycosides. Journal of natural products,72(7), 1352-1354.

58. Dugo, P., Lo Presti, M., Öhman, M., Fazio, A., Dugo, G., & Mondello, L. (2005).Determination of flavonoids in citrus juices by micro ‐ HPLC ‐ESI/MS.Journal of SeparationScience, 28(11), 1149-1156.

59. Erlund, I. (2004). Review of the flavonoids quercetin, hesperetin, and naringenin. Dietarysources, bioactivities, bioavailability, and epidemiology. Nutrition Research, 24(10), 851-874.

60. Erlund, I., Kosonen, T., Alfthan, G., Mäenpää, J., Perttunen, K., Kenraali, J., … & Aro, A.(2000). Pharmacokinetics of quercetin from quercetin aglycone and rutin in healthy volunteers.European journal of clinical pharmacology, 56(8), 545-553.

61. Erlund, I., Meririnne, E., Alfthan, G., & Aro, A. (2001). Plasma kinetics and urinary excretionof the flavanones naringenin and hesperetin in humans after ingestion of orange juice andgrapefruit juice. The Journal of nutrition, 131(2), 235-241.

62. Erlund, I., Silaste, M. L., Alfthan, G., Rantala, M., Kesäniemi, Y. A., & Aro, A. (2002). Plasmaconcentrations of the flavonoids hesperetin, naringenin and quercetin in human subjectsfollowing their habitual diets, and diets high or low in fruit and vegetables. European journalof clinical nutrition, 56(9), 891-898.

63. Fan, K., Kurihara, N., Abe, S., Ho, C. T., Ghai, G., & Yang, K. (2007). ChemopreventiveEffects of Orange Peel Extract (OPE) I. OPE Inhibits Intestinal Tumor Growth in ApcMin/+Mice. Journal of medicinal food,10(1), 11-17.

64. Faturi, C. B., Leite, J. R., Alves, P. B., Canton, A. C., & Teixeira-Silva, F. (2010). Anxiolytic-
like effect of sweet orange aroma in Wistar rats. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology andBiological Psychiatry, 34(4), 605-609.

65. Ferlazzo, N., Cirmi, S., Russo, M., Trapasso, E., Ursino, M. R., Lombardo, G. E., … & Navarra,M. (2016). NF- κB mediates the antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects of bergamot juice inHepG2 cells. Life Sciences.

66. Firenzuoli, F., Gori, L., & Galapai, C. (2005). Adverse reaction to an adrenergic herbal extract(Citrus aurantium). Phytomedicine, 12(3), 247-248.

67. Fisher, K., & Phillips, C. A. (2006). The effect of lemon, orange and bergamot essential oilsand their components on the survival of Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157, Listeriamonocytogenes, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus in vitro and in food systems.Journal of Applied Microbiology, 101(6), 1232-1240.

68. Fomani, M., Happi, E. N., Bisoue, A. N., Ndom, J. C., Waffo, A. F. K., Sewald, N., & Wansi, J.D. (2016). Oxidative burst inhibition, cytotoxicity and antibacterial acriquinoline alkaloidsfrom Citrus reticulate (Blanco). Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 26(2), 306-309.

69. Franke, A. A., Cooney, R. V., Custer, L. J., Mordan, L. J., & Tanaka, Y. (1998). Inhibition ofneoplastic transformation and bioavailability of dietary flavonoid agents. Flavonoids in theliving system, 237-48.

70. Franke, A. A., Cooney, R. V., Henning, S. M., & Custer, L. J. (2005). Bioavailability andantioxidant effects of orange juice components in humans. Journal of agricultural and foodchemistry, 53(13), 5170-5178.

71. Franke, S. I. R., Prá, D., Giulian, R., Dias, J. F., Yoneama, M. L., Da Silva, J., … & Henriques,J. A. P. (2006). Influence of orange juice in the levels and in the genotoxicity of iron andcopper. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 44(3), 425-435.

72. Frerot, E., & Decorzant, E. (2004). Quantification of total furocoumarins in citrus oils byHPLC coupled with UV, fluorescence, and mass detection. Journal of agricultural and foodchemistry, 52(23), 6879-6886.

73. Fugh-Berman, A., & Myers, A. (2004). Citrus aurantium, an ingredient of dietary supplementsmarketed for weight loss: current status of clinical and basic research. Experimental biologyand medicine, 229(8), 698-704.

74. Galati, E. M., Monforte, M. T., Kirjavainen, S., Forestieri, A. M., Trovato, A., & Tripodo, M.M. (1994). Biological effects of hesperidin, a citrus flavonoid.(Note I): antiinflammatory andanalgesic activity. Farmaco (Societa chimica italiana: 1989),40(11), 709-712.

75. Garau, M. C., Simal, S., Rossello, C., & Femenia, A. (2007). Effect of air-drying temperatureon physico-chemical properties of dietary fibre and antioxidant capacity of orange (Citrusaurantium v. Canoneta) by-products. Food chemistry, 104(3), 1014-1024.

76. Garcia, A. C., Bonifácio, N. P., Vendramine, R. C., & Cesar, T. B. (2008). Influência doconsumo de suco de laranja nos lípides sangüíneos e na composição corporal de homensnormais e com dislipidemia. Nutrire, 33(2), 1-11.

77. Gardana, C., Guarnieri, S., Riso, P., Simonetti, P., & Porrini, M. (2007). Flavanone plasmapharmacokinetics from blood orange juice in human subjects. British journal ofnutrition, 98(01), 165-172.

78. Gattuso, G., Barreca, D., Gargiulli, C., Leuzzi, U., & Caristi, C. (2007). Flavonoid compositionof citrus juices. Molecules, 12(8), 1641-1673.

79. Gattuso, G., Caristi, C., Gargiulli, C., Bellocco, E., Toscano, G., & Leuzzi, U. (2006).Flavonoid glycosides in bergamot juice (Citrus bergamia Risso). Journal of agricultural andfood chemistry, 54(11), 3929-3935.

80. Ghanim, H., Mohanty, P., Pathak, R., Chaudhuri, A., Sia, C. L., & Dandona, P. (2007). Orangejuice or fructose intake does not induce oxidative and inflammatory response. Diabetes

care, 30(6), 1406-1411.

81. Ghanim, H., Sia, C. L., Upadhyay, M., Korzeniewski, K., Viswanathan, P., Abuaysheh, S., … &Dandona, P. (2010). Orange juice neutralizes the proinflammatory effect of a high-fat, high-carbohydrate meal and prevents endotoxin increase and Toll-like receptor expression. TheAmerican journal of clinical nutrition, 91(4), 940-949.

82. Ghasemi, K., Ghasemi, Y., & Ebrahimzadeh, M. A. (2009). Antioxidant activity, phenol andflavonoid contents of 13 citrus species peels and tissues. Pak J Pharm Sci, 22(3), 277-281.

83. Gil-Izquierdo, A., Gil, M. I., & Ferreres, F. (2002). Effect of processing techniques at industrialscale on orange juice antioxidant and beneficial health compounds. Journal of Agricultural andFood Chemistry, 50(18), 5107-5114.

84. Gil-Izquierdo, A., Gil, M. I., Ferreres, F., & Tomás-Barberán, F. A. (2001). In vitro availability

of flavonoids and other phenolics in orange juice. Journal of Agricultural and Food

Chemistry, 49(2), 1035-1041. solubility and transformation to chalconesunder gastrointestinal conditions. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 51(10), 3024-


86. Giménez-Bastida, J. A., González-Sarrías, A., Vallejo, F., Espín, J. C., & Tomás-Barberán, F. A.(2016). Hesperetin anits sulfate and glucuronide metabolites inhibit TNF- α induced humanaortic endothelial cell migration and decrease plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)levels. Food & function.

87. Goes, T. C., Antunes, F. D., Alves, P. B., & Teixeira-Silva, F. (2012). Effect of sweet orangearoma on experimental anxiety in humans. The Journal of Alternative and ComplementaryMedicine, 18(8), 798-804.

88. González-Molina, E., Domínguez-Perles, R., Moreno, D. A., & García-Viguera, C. (2010).Natural bioactive compounds of Citrus limon for food and health. Journal of pharmaceuticaland biomedical analysis,51(2), 327-345.

89. Gray, S., & Woolf, A. D. (2005). Citrus aurantium used for weight loss by an adolescent withanorexia nervosa. Journal of adolescent health, 37(5), 414-415.

90. Green, C. O., Wheatley, A. O., Osagie, A. U., Morrison, E. Y. S. A., & Asemota, H. N. (2007).Determination of polymethoxylated flavones in peels of selected Jamaican and Mexican citrus(Citrus spp.) cultivars by high ‐performance liquid chromatography. Biomedical

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Naturopatía Científica

La  Naturopatía  tiene como objeto formal de estudio la salud en su dimensión natural, que es un fenómeno complejo y por tanto exige una metodología de estudio compleja y holística. Así pues podemos decir que la Naturopatía es una disciplina que tiene como objeto integrar todas las formas de abordaje y estudio de la salud en su vertiente natural.

Hoy en día si queremos distinguir claramente entre lo que es ciencia y lo que no lo es, tenemos que comenzar estableciendo unos criterios delimitativos los cuales se dan no por un mandato extrahistórico, sino por la comunidad científica que, a lo largo de la historia, ha ido estableciendo esta diferencia por consenso científico. Por esa necesidad se ha creado este agente gestor y mediador de la ciencia Naturopática, la ciencia necesita de la objetividad, al menos en grado suficiente, para que los resultados de la investigación científica sean independientes de quien la ha llevado a cabo.

La Naturopatía se encuentra en una etapa de fructífera sistematización científica; en un proceso de elaboración sistemática, dando cohesión a un conocimiento tradicional, sin olvidar los fundamentos filosóficos que la sustentan, el conocimiento científico de la Naturopatía no es resultado de la improvisación sino que se va construyendo con la aquiescencia de la comunidad Naturopática y es por ese motivo que se debe acabar con el intrusismo, marcar las pautas y planear el criterio a seguir. El intrusismo pseudocientífico en la Naturopatía es tan frecuente como perturbador.